A CONCISE HISTORY OF BAPTISTS

 

G. H. ORCHARD

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

PUBLISHERS FORWARD

 

AN IMPORTANT EXPLANATION

 

INTRODUCTORY ESSAY

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

SECTION 1PRIMITIVE BAPTISTS

††††††††††† ††††††††††††††† Johnís Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Jesusí Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Gospel Kingdom

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Christian Church Gathered

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Unity of the First Church

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Character of the First Members

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Circumcision and Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Testimonies of the Fathers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Subjects of Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Manner of Baptizing

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Subjects of Baptism

 

SECTION 2PRIMITIVE BAPTISTS CONTINUED

††††††††††† Causes of Persecution

††††††††††††††† Early Testimonies

††††††††††††††† Justinís Apology

††††††††††††††† Clement and Historians

 

SECTION 3PRIMITIVE BAPTISTS CONTINUED

††††††††††††††††††††††† Christianity Corrupted

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Character of Its Officers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Cause of Dissidents

††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††† Tertullianís Views

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Early Records of Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Testimonies from Historians

 

SECTION 4PRIMITIVE BAPTISTS CONTINUED

††††††††††††††††††††††† Testimonies of the Fathers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Councils and Cannons

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Collateral Evidences

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Concessions of Paedobaptists

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

 

SECTION 1CHURCHES IN ITALY

††††††††††††††††††††††† Decian Dissent

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Novatian Dissent

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Churchís Constitution and Practice

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Character and Extent

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Constantineís Policy

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sufferings from Catholics

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Martyrs and Oppression

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Retire Into Obscurity

 

SECTION 2AFRICAN CHURCHES

††††††††††††††††††††††† School of Alexandria

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Minor Discipleship

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Tertullianís Views

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Tertullian on Minor Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Tertullianís Opinion

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Tertullian

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Origen

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Cyprian of Carthage

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Deciusí Edicts

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Fidesí Inquiries

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Opinions of Bishops

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† State of Africa

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Clinical Baptism

 

SECTION 3AFRICAN CHURCHES CONTINUED

††††††††††† ††††††††††††††† Rise of Donatists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Donatist Sentiments

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† State of the Donatist Church

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Augustin of Hippo

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Donatists Persecuted

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Laws Against Re-Baptizing

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Donatists Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Donatists and Augustin

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Donatists Anathematized

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptist Sentiments Considered

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Vandals and Gregory

†††††††††††††††

SECTION 4ORIENTAL CHURCHES

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Apostolic Preaching

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Rise of Errors

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Errors and Circumcision

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Christians Persecuted

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Justin Martyr

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Churches Independent

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Government Altered

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Dissidents Arise

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Montanus

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Manichean System

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Churches All Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Constantine

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptisteries

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Churches Erected

 

SECTION 5ORIENTAL CHURCHES CONTINUED

††††††††††† ††††††††††††††† Christians in Armenia

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Nonconformity General

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Mahomet and Paulicians

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paulicians Rise

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Pauliciansí Sentiments

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Pauliciansí Discipline

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Primitive Christians

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sylvanusís Death

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Simeonís Conversion

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Persecutions and Deaths

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paulicians Emigrate

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Take Root in Europe

 

SECTION 6CHURCHES IN ITALY RESUMED

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† A Suffering People

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paterine Sentiments

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Atto, of Vercilli

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Gundulphus

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sentiments and Number

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptists in Milan

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paulicians in Italy

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Arnold of Brescia

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Arnoldís Success

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Arnoldís Martyrdom

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Arnoldís Followers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Arnoldís Sentiments

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Rise of Puritans

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Clergy Oppose the Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Compelled to Emigrate

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paterines Persecuted

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paterines Extirpated

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paterines Scattered

 

SECTION 7CHURCHES IN GAUL

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Lyonese Persecuted

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Novatianists in France

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Waldenses in France and Spain

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Views of Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Invasion of the Saracens

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Infant-Immersion Law

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Itinerant Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Albigenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paulician Puritans

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

SECTION 8CHURCHES IN FRANCE CONTINUED

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paulicians and Reformers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Reforming Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Berengerís Sentiments

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Bruys and His Followers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Writings of the Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Henry and His Followers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Bernardís Lamentation

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Dissentersí Views of Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Efforts of the Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Order of the Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Peter of Lyons

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Waldoís Doctrines

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Lyonese Character

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Efforts to Suppress Waldo

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptists Multiply

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptist Numerous

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Appendix to Section

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

SECTION 9CHURCHES IN FRANCE CONTINUED

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Measures Adopted By Innocent

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Edict of Ildefonsus

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Raymondís Affray

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Legate Murdered

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Crusades

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Cruelties of the Crusaders

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Raymondís Opposition

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Defeat of Albigenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Death of Montford

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Raymondís Efforts

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Albigenses Scattered

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Remnant of Albigenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Persecution Maintained

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Blancheís Affairs

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Raymondís Condition

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Surrender of Raymond

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Dispersion of the Albigenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Raymondís Persecution

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Denominational Character

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Testimonials

 

SECTION 10 BAPTISTS IN BOHEMIA

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptists Patrons

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Waldoís Labors

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Character of Picardians

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Popery Introduced

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Wickliffís Works

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Hussís Efforts

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Bohemians Divided

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Jerome Arrested

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Jeromeís Character

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Jeromeís Trial

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Jeromeís Defence

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Jeromeís Martyrdom

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† His Labors

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Empire Divided

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Conflicts in Bohemia

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† United Brethren

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† State of the Churches

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Edicts Against the Brethren

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptists Alter Their Creed

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Comprehension of the Brethren

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

SECTION 11 BAPTISTS IN PIEDMONT

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Early Existence of Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Church Order

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Puritansí Claim

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Their Ministers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Claudeís Efforts

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Itinerating Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Manner of Teaching

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Their Success

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Peter De Bruys

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Increase of the Puritans

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Vaudois and Troubadours

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Protection Afforded

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Reinerís Testimony

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Increase and Stability

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Colonization

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Increase in the Valleys

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Persecuting Measures

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Trials of the Waldenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Combination of Enemies

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Invasions on the Waldenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Manners of the Waldenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Degeneracy of the Church

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Comprehension and Numbers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Policy of the Duke of Savoy

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Confessions of the Waldenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Union with Calvin

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Remnant of Waldenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Waldenses Scattered

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Amaudís Efforts

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Modern Waldenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Appendix to the Section

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Denominational Sentiments

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Denominational Views

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Denominational Character

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Testimonies of Writers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paedobaptism Among the Waldenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Examination of Paedobaptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Perrin and Wallís Account of Paedobaptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Who Practised Paedobaptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Character of Early Paedobaptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Grounds of Paedobaptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On Open Communion

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Open Communion and Socinianism

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

SECTION 12 GERMAN AND DUTCH BAPTISTS

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Early Dissidents

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Testimony of Evervimus

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Waldoís Travels

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Rise of Beghards

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Confession of Their Faith

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Denominational Views

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Persecutions and Deaths

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Walter Lollard

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Increase of Adherents

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Ziskaís Defence

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Numbers of Waldenses

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† State of Germany

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Efforts of Reform

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptists Advocate Liberty

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Picards Persecuted

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Lutherís Conduct

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Anabaptism, What?

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Lutherís Conduct

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Opposition to Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Rise of the Peasants

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Lutherís Advice

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Religious Liberty Suspended

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Disputes About Baptism

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptists Persecuted

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Lutherís Policy

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Munster Revolution

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sufferings of the Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Situation of the Baptists

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Menno Simon

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† No Paedobaptism in the Bible

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Menno a Minister

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptist Churches Formed

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Baptists Ancient and Modern

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Mennoís Efforts

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Severe Discipline

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Mennoís Death

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Liberty Granted

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Degeneracy and Numbers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Numbers